Jesus is the mediator of a better covenant then the people of the Old Testament had. So why do so many Christians strive so hard to go back to the Old Testament laws, rituals, and ways of life or worship? Could it be that it is easier to teach religion then to teach someone else how to have a relationship with Christ?
Hebrews 8:6-9, 6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises. 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second. 8 Because finding fault with them, He says: "Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah-- 9 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they did not continue in My covenant, and I disregarded them, says the Lord.
For those Christians who continue to hold onto the Old Testament with its judgments and condemnations while claiming their belief in Christ as their Lord and Savior one must ask have they ever read these verses, much less the first ten chapters of Hebrews. The question that comes up from most Christians reading verse 6 is “what is the better covenant”? What are the better promises that this better covenant is established on?
In the original covenant through the Laws of Moses everyone had to be taught the laws from one person to another; God only spoke to Moses not to everyone. For the best comparison between the two covenants we must read the prophesy of Jeremiah of a better covenant and he also pointed to a better mediator. Keep in mind Hebrews was written to the Jews who understood the harshness and impossibility of any man on earth fulfilling this prophesy. However, they also had heard and believed that Jesus was their Messiah, the Son of God who fulfill all of the requirements of the first covenant and since He was without sin the grave could not hold Him. They knew Jesus was sitting at the right hand of God, but were having a difficult time letting go of their Old Covenant because that is all they had ever known. They knew of a better covenant as they had the Torah where Jeremiah’s writings were found and studied. But the Jews had difficulty realizing the depth of the gospel and its full impact on their lives.
The New Covenant can be read and understood through the prophesy of Jeremiah as found in chapter 31:31-34. Jeremiah 31:31 "Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah—(SIDE NOTE to help the reader understand that by faith you are now a spiritual part of Israel and the promises here is what Paul wrote in Romans 9:6-9. - 6 But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. For they are not all Israel who are of Israel, 7 nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, "In Isaac your seed shall be called." 8 That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but the children of the promise are counted as the seed. 9 For this is the word of promise: "At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.") Jeremiah 31:33-34 33 But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34 No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, 'Know the Lord,' for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more."
As you can see from Jeremiah 33 it is God who puts His laws in our hearts and minds. Ask yourself how God can do this unless there is a one-on-one communications between the believer and God. The first covenant was based on a men following another man who heard from God. Under the New Covenant that we live in today we have a direct connection with our God through our faith in Jesus as our Lord and Savior. Just in this verse alone we have a better covenant. Remember that the New Covenant is based on better promises. The promise of a son was to Sarah and she had to receive by “faith not actions”. This means that we must receive from God our Father by faith and not based on our actions. Under the Old Covenant all of the blessings came through “cause & affect”. Under the New Covenant everything we receive from, revelation of the word to natural blessings, comes through our faith and never based on our actions. It is our bad actions that will keep our minds from “believing” we deserve those blessings which are based on God’s promise. I have emphasized believing because without believing we can never receive. Remember that Abraham “believed” God and it was accounted to him as righteous, Romans 4:3.
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