Christ did not glorify Himself, but God glorified Him because He laid down His life for us.
Hebrews 5:1-6 “1 For every high priest taken from among men is appointed for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2 He can have compassion on those who are ignorant and going astray, since he himself is also subject to weakness. 3 Because of this he is required as for the people, so also for himself, to offer sacrifices for sins. 4 And no man takes this honor to himself, but he who is called by God, just as Aaron was. 5 So also Christ did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him: "You are My Son, Today I have begotten You." 6
As He also says in Verse 1 The Old Testament Priest is a picture of Jesus and His ministry. Both were appointed by God to intercede for the people toward God. Verse 2 The O.T. priest could have compassion on the people, because he also dealt with the same temptations the people did. Jesus overcame the same temptations. His temptations from the Devil after being in the wilderness forty days are the foundational temptations of all of man’s sins. Verse 3 we began to recognize not only the similarities, but also the superiority of Jesus over the O.T. priest. Because of the weakness of the sin nature of man to abstain from sin the O.T. high priest had to make first a sacrifice for himself then sacrifice for the people. Blood sacrifice for man’s sin as retribution for sin was established with Adam and Eve when God sacrificed an animal and made a “covering” for them after they succumbed to the temptation of the Devil to disobey God and eat the forbidden fruit. The difference here is that the O.T priest had to make offering after offering for himself yearly and then for the people, because the blood sacrifice of an animal did not purify the sin, but merely was a temporary covering. Jesus was the sacrifice for all of our sins, not just another animal. 4. Every O.T. high priest was appointed by God from the tribe of Levi, the same tribe Aaron was of. No one took on this position himself, because of the weight and severity of certain death to anyone unworthy of the position to enter into the Holy of Holies, the presence of God. Also we must remember that Jesus came from the tribe of Judah not Levi as the OT priests did. This is significant in that God is showing us that He has made a change in the requirements of High Priest. His Son who is far more superior then man’s son is now over a “New Covenant”. Verse 5 Neither was Jesus self-appointed as high priest for us and the writer of Hebrews quotes prophesy from Psalms 2:7 “I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee." The declaration of God’s son is far superior to that of a high priest. Verse 6 is the final establishment of superiority of Jesus’ appointed position over that of O.T. high priest. The O.T. priesthood was one of limits according to the tribe a man was born and according to the life span of the priest, hence, there was always the replacement of the current priest with a another appointment. Verse 6 references the order of Melchizedek’s priesthood as a type and shadow of Jesus’ appointed position as High Priest for us which is superior to the O.T. high priest. See my notes on Hebrews 7:1-3 regarding the Melchizedek priesthood.
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